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NAIROBI, Kenya — Mwai Kibaki, who helped turn into Kenya’s financial system and bring in a brand new Charter as its 3rd president, however whose tenure was once marred by way of high-profile corruption circumstances and election-related violence, has died. He was once 90.

His loss of life was once introduced in a televised speech by way of President Uhuru Kenyatta, who didn’t specify a reason.

Mr. Kenyatta mentioned that flags could be flown at half-mast within the nation and at diplomatic missions international, and {that a} duration of nationwide mourning could be noticed till sundown at the day he’s buried. He additionally mentioned Mr. Kibaki could be accorded a state funeral however didn’t specify a date.

Mr. Kibaki was once the final surviving former chief who had participated in Kenya’s combat for independence from British colonial rule, having been preceded by way of Daniel arap Moi, who died in 2020, and Jomo Kenyatta, who died in 1978.

An economist by way of coaching, Mr. Kibaki labored as a college professor, lawmaker, cupboard minister, vp and chief of the opposition sooner than ascending in 2002 to the absolute best place of job within the land.

His election as president was once a hopeful second for Kenya, coming after Mr. Moi’s 24-year rule, which were outlined by way of popular graft and repression.

As president, he helped revive the stagnated financial system and started efforts to strengthen well being care get right of entry to. He additionally driven popular enhancements of the rustic’s highways and was once lauded for introducing loose number one college schooling national.

However his efforts to turn into the rustic have been briefly undermined by way of graft, which remained rife even on the absolute best ranges of presidency. Whilst corruption scandals persevered to floor, Mr. Kibaki’s executive failed to correctly prosecute the ones concerned. His personal anti-corruption czar, John Githongo, fled the rustic, fearing that his lifestyles was once at risk.

Nevertheless it was once the 2007 elections that put Mr. Kibaki’s management to the take a look at. After the electoral fee declared Mr. Kibaki a winner within the tightly contested election, the rustic descended right into a wave of violence and bloodshed that driven it to the threshold of civil battle.

All through the upheaval, greater than 1,100 individuals are believed to had been killed and greater than 300,000 others displaced. The violence subsided handiest weeks later, when the feuding political leaders settled on a power-sharing settlement.

The disaster driven Kenya and Mr. Kibaki to restore efforts to draft a brand new Charter — citizens rejected an previous effort in a 2005 referendum — to take on longstanding imbalances in persistent and pageant for assets. In 2010, a brand new Charter, promising higher freedoms and rights for Kenyans, was once licensed with a virtually 70 p.c majority.

In a transfer that was once a primary for unbiased Kenya, Mr. Kibaki additionally despatched Kenyan troops to Somalia in 2011 to give protection to its northeastern borders and combat the Qaeda associate Al Shabab.

Emilio Mwai Kibaki was once born on Nov. 15, 1931, in Gatuyaini village in central Kenya. After finishing highschool in Kenya, he studied economics, historical past and political science at Makerere College in Uganda after which studied public finance on the London Faculty of Economics.

Following independence in 1963, he served as a lawmaker with the Kenya African Nationwide Union birthday party, which preached what it referred to as African Socialism. He later served as finance minister for greater than a decade, starting in 1969 and leaving the put up in 1981, and was once vp for Mr. Moi from 1978 to 1988.

As Kenyans agitated for multiparty democracy within the Nineties, Mr. Kibaki broke ranks with Mr. Moi and challenged him within the 1992 and 1997 elections, either one of which he misplaced. In 2002, with Mr. Moi not able to run on account of presidential time period limits, he ran once more for president.

He defeated Mr. Kenyatta, the present president, whom Mr. Moi had picked as his most well-liked successor, and stayed in place of job for 2 phrases, leaving in April 2013.

An avid golfer, Mr. Kibaki was once a humorous chief whose quips and witty remarks have been again and again performed on tv and imprinted on the entrance pages of newspapers.

He was once married to Lucy Muthoni Kibaki till her loss of life in 2016. He’s survived by way of his 4 youngsters: Judy Wanjiku, Jimmy Kibaki, David Kagai and Tony Githinji.

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