President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia and his Turkish counterpart, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, plan to satisfy on Friday within the southern Russian Black Sea lodge the city of Sochi, for a 2nd face-to-face dialog in not up to 3 weeks towards a posh backdrop of dovetailing and competing pursuits.

Aides to the leaders portrayed the talks in Sochi as a continuation in their discussions in Iran on July 19 — a few of which integrated Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Iran’s excellent chief — overlaying the entirety from drones to grain shipments to power to Syria.

Mr. Erdogan has emerged as the most important mediator between Ukraine and Russia, which is probing for methods to damage out of the industrial and political isolation imposed by way of the West over its invasion of Ukraine. Turkey, a NATO member and long-frustrated E.U. applicant, proved instrumental in forging an settlement between the 2 warring nations to restart Ukrainian grain shipments during the Black Sea urgently.

The deal is now being examined, with an preliminary send having left Ukraine’s Port of Odesa on Monday sure for Lebanon and 3 extra cleared to depart Ukrainian ports on Friday, with grain cargoes desperately had to lend a hand deal with a rising world meals scarcity.

Mr. Erdogan is treading a positive line to retain the power to speak to each Russia, NATO’s foe, and to Western participants of the alliance. Turkey has held to its refusal to enroll in Western sanctions towards Russia, irking its NATO allies, however Mr. Erdogan additionally, in a an important transfer, eased his preliminary objections to Sweden and Finland becoming a member of the alliance as a bulwark towards Russian aggression.

Russia is a important provider of power to Turkey, offering one fourth of the rustic’s crude imports and nearly part of its herbal gasoline purchases remaining 12 months. Rosatom, the Russian state nuclear company, is construction a nuclear energy plant at the Mediterranean projected to offer 10 p.c of Turkey’s power wishes after its scheduled final touch in 2026.

For its phase, Turkey is turning into the most important transshipment level for items headed to Russia now that many Western freight firms not care for Russia-bound shipments for concern of defying sanctions, the Turkish newspaper Dunya reported on Thursday. And the rustic stays a well-liked vacation spot for Russian vacationers, with 1.4 million visiting this 12 months, in line with Interfax.

Alternatively, stark variations stay between the 2 leaders. Their nations have subsidized opposing facets within the civil struggle in Turkey’s neighbor, Syria. The Kremlin has expended blood and treasure to shore up President Bashar al-Assad, whilst Turkey, which has absorbed greater than 3.7 million Syrian struggle refugees, helps an opposing rebellion faction and is threatening a brand new army offensive in Syria’s north. They’ve additionally been concerned on opposing facets within the violently flaring border dispute between Azerbaijan and Armenia.

Their family members relating to weaponry also are complicated. Lately, Turkey defied its NATO companions to shop for Russian antiaircraft missiles. And now, Russia — starved by way of war-related Western sanctions for generation like steering techniques for missiles and drones — is urgently looking for matériel, an issue the talks on Friday promise to handle.

“Army-technical cooperation between the 2 nations is completely at the time table, and the actual fact that our interplay is growing on this delicate sphere presentations that, at the complete, all the vary of our interrelations is at an overly prime degree,” Dmitri S. Peskov, Russia’s presidential press secretary, instructed journalists on Wednesday, in line with the Interfax information company.

Safak Timur contributed reporting.

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