By way of Mark Savage
BBC Tune reporter

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R Kelly has confronted accusations of sexual misconduct because the Nineties

For greater than twenty years, chart-topping R&B singer R. Kelly had confronted allegations of sexual abuse.

The accounts went again to the beginning of his profession within the Nineties, with many centring at the predatory pursuit of minor ladies.

In September 2021, he was once discovered responsible of 8 counts of intercourse trafficking and one in all racketeering in a New York court docket, and now faces a long prison sentence.

Kelly is one after the other dealing with trial in Chicago on kid intercourse photographs and obstruction fees. He’s additionally because of face intercourse abuse fees in Illinois and Minnesota.

Kelly was once himself the sufferer of kid intercourse abuse, and detailed in his autobiography how he was once raped through a feminine circle of relatives member when he was once 8 years previous.

Here’s a historical past of the accusations towards him.

1994: Marries Aaliyah

The big name, then elderly 27, wed 15-year-old singer Aaliyah at a secret rite in Chicago.

Vibe mag later came upon Aaliyah had lied about her age at the marriage ceremony certificates, list herself as 18. The wedding was once annulled in February 1995.

A former excursion supervisor for Kelly testified at his trial that he bribed a central authority employee in 1994 to acquire a faux ID for Aaliyah – so the singers may marry.

For the remainder of her profession, Aaliyah dodged questions in regards to the nature of her dating. “When folks inquire from me, I inform them, ‘Howdy, do not imagine all that mess,'” she informed one interviewer. “We are shut and folks took it the improper manner.”

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Kelly wrote and produced Aaliyah’s debut album, calling it Age Ain’t Not anything However A Quantity

Kelly hardly spoke about Aaliyah after she died in a aircraft crash in 2001. She isn’t discussed in his autobiography, the place an creator’s observe explains “positive episodes may now not be integrated for classy causes”.

In a 2016 interview with GQ mag, he described their dating as “easiest, easiest, easiest, easiest buddies”, however declined to touch upon their marriage, pronouncing: “I can by no means have that dialog with someone. Out of appreciate for Aaliyah, and her dad and mom who’ve requested me to not in my view.”

1996: Sued for emotional misery

Tiffany Hawkins sued R. Kelly for the “non-public accidents and emotional misery” she suffered all the way through a three-year dating with the big name.

In court docket paperwork, she mentioned she started having intercourse with Kelly in 1991, when she was once 15 and he was once 24, and the connection ended when she became 18. In step with the Chicago Solar Occasions, Ms Hawkins sought $10m in damages however permitted a fragment of that quantity ($250,000) when the case was once settled in 1998.

Kelly’s spokeswoman mentioned she had “no wisdom” of the accusations.

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Kelly persevered to liberate a success songs, and win main awards, as accusations gathered round him

2001: Sued through intern

Tracy Sampson sued R. Kelly, accusing him of inducing her “into an indecent sexual dating” when she was once 17.

The lady, a former intern at Epic Information, mentioned she was once “handled as his non-public intercourse object and forged apart”.

“He frequently attempted to keep watch over each and every side of my existence together with who I’d see and the place I’d cross,” she mentioned. The case was once settled out of court docket for an undisclosed sum, in step with the New York Put up.

April/Would possibly 2002: Two extra court docket instances

Kelly is sued through Patrice Jones, a Chicago lady who claimed he impregnated her when she was once beneath age, and that she was once pressured to have an abortion.

Montina Woods additionally sued Kelly, alleging that he videotaped them having intercourse with out her wisdom. The recording was once allegedly circulated on a “intercourse tape” offered through bootleggers beneath the identify R. Kelly Triple-X.

The big name settled each instances out of court docket, paying undisclosed sums in go back for non-disclosure agreements.

June 2002: Charged over kid abuse movies

The big name is charged with 21 counts of creating kid sexual abuse movies involving more than a few sexual acts.

Chicago police accused him of taping the acts and attractive a minor to take part in them. The entire fees comparable to 1 woman, born in September 1984.

His arrest stemmed from a video that was once despatched anonymously to the Chicago Solar Occasions previous within the yr. They handed it directly to police, who verified its authenticity with lend a hand from FBI forensic professionals.

Kelly, who posted $750,000 bail, right away denied the costs in an interview with MTV and later pleaded now not responsible in court docket.

It took six years for the case to come back to trial, all the way through which era Kelly launched his wildly a success Trapped In The Closet album and was once nominated for an Symbol Award through the NAACP (Nationwide Affiliation for the Development of Coloured Folks), prompting common complaint.

The jury in the end concluded they might now not end up that the lady at the tape was once a minor, and Kelly was once discovered now not responsible on all counts.

2002-2004: Arrest activates additional fees

Kelly was once charged with an additional 12 counts of manufacturing kid sexual abuse photographs in Florida, the place he was once arrested at his vacation house.

Those fees got here after police seized a digital camera all the way through the arrest, which allegedly contained photographs of the big name having intercourse with an underage woman.

The costs had been dropped when a pass judgement on agreed with Kelly’s defence group that police lacked enough proof to justify a seek.

2017: Allegations of a “cult”

An extended and detailed Buzzfeed file accused R. Kelly of trapping six girls in a intercourse “cult”.

The item alleged that Kelly seduced younger girls after they approached him for lend a hand with their track careers, prior to taking keep watch over in their lives – dictating “what they devour, how they get dressed, after they shower, after they sleep, and the way they interact in sexual encounters that he information”.

The big name additionally confiscated the ladies’s cellphones, the file mentioned, barring touch with family and friends.

The allegations got here from 3 former workers and the oldsters of a number of girls, who mentioned their daughters had all however vanished.

2017-2018: Sufferers manner the click

Buzzfeed’s file induced additional allegations.

Jerhonda Tempo broke a non-disclosure settlement to discuss having intercourse with Kelly whilst she was once underage. Every other lady, Kitti Jones, claimed the big name starved her, coerced her into sexual encounters with different girls and bodily abused her. Ms Tempo would cross directly to testify towards Kelly within the 2021 trial.

Ms Kitti, along side different contributors of R. Kelly’s interior circle, additionally spoke to a BBC 3 documentary in March 2018. One former buddy and collaborator, Lovell Jones, mentioned Kelly requested him to scout out girls “that appeared younger” at events, and claimed that it was once “commonplace wisdom” that the singer most well-liked younger ladies.

2018: #MuteRKelly, personnel departures and new court docket case

The #MuteRKelly marketing campaign lobbied document label RCA to sever ties with the singer. Additionally they centered live performance promoters, price ticket dealers and streaming services and products – with Spotify, Apple Tune and Pandora all agreeing to demote Kelly’s songs from their playlists (a call that was once later reversed).

Round the similar time, the big name’s attorney, publicist and private assistant all hand over – despite the fact that lawyer Linda Mensch mentioned her departure was once “unrelated to any allegations associated with Mr Kelly’s social existence”.

Kelly persevered to accomplish are living regardless of protests out of doors his displays, and was once filmed pronouncing the marketing campaign towards him was once “too overdue”.

“Best God can mute me,” he sang defiantly on a track referred to as I Admit. “Am I intended to visit prison or lose my profession as a result of your opinion?”

In the meantime, the big name was once sued through a former spouse who mentioned he “deliberately” inflamed her with a sexually transmitted illness.

2019: New documentary results in fees

Over the process six hour-long episodes, Lifetime documentary Surviving R. Kelly offered essentially the most complete glance but on the allegations towards the musician.

Two weeks after the programme was once broadcast, Kelly was once dropped through his document corporate. Deliberate live shows in the United States and New Zealand had been cancelled.

In February, famous person attorney Michael Avenatti mentioned he had got a video appearing Kelly having intercourse with a 14-year-old woman. Weeks later, the big name was once charged in Chicago with 10 counts of irritated prison sexual abuse. He pleaded now not responsible and gave a histrionic TV interview.

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R. Kelly in tearful intercourse abuse fees interview

Prosecutors later filed an extra 11 fees of sexual attack and abuse towards a minor elderly between 13 and 16.

The charging paperwork described intercourse and oral intercourse with a minor “by means of drive or danger of drive”. The accuser was once regarded as one of the most girls featured in Surviving R. Kelly, who mentioned she met the singer all the way through a prior trial.

July 2019: Intercourse Trafficking fees

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R. Kelly seems for a listening to at Leighton Felony Court docket Construction in Chicago, Illinois

Kelly was once hit with two separate federal indictments in Illinois and Brooklyn.

Mixed, the allegations depicted an organised effort from the big name and his buddies to recruit and delivery underage ladies over state strains for unlawful sexual functions, together with the manufacturing of kid intercourse abuse photographs, in addition to conspiracy to hinder justice through destroying proof and bribing or threatening witnesses.

August 2019: Prostitution fees

Prosecutors in Minnesota filed prostitution fees towards the big name, that means he confronted prison instances in 3 US states.

He was once accused of soliciting a teen who requested him for an autograph in 2001. Kelly allegedly invited the 17-year-old to his resort room and introduced her $200 (£164) to undress and dance with him.

Kelly’s attorney mentioned the costs had been “past absurd”.

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R. Kelly in court docket in September 2019

August-September 2020: Jail attack

Against the top of August, Kelly was once attacked in his sleep through a fellow inmate in Chicago’s Metropolitan Correctional Centre.

The big name’s attorney referred to as for his rapid liberate, pronouncing “the federal government can’t ensure that his protection”. Alternatively, the request – along side a lot of different makes an attempt to get Kelly launched on bail – was once denied.

August 2021: Aaliyah dating showed

Within the final pre-trial listening to prior to Kelly’s trial, US District Pass judgement on Ann M Donnelly made a sequence of rulings to slender down what proof might be proven to jurors.

Right through the listening to, she requested one of the most singer’s attorneys whether or not they denied the big name had sexual family members with Aaliyah whilst she was once underage.

In step with the Related Press, Thomas A Farinella “let loose a deep sigh and answered, ‘No.'”

August-September 2021: Trial and responsible verdict

The trial started on 18 August in New York.

Learn extra in regards to the trial:

On 27 September, following two days of deliberation, the jury discovered the United States big name responsible on all 9 counts.

Gloria Allred, a attorney who represented a number of sufferers, informed journalists: “I have been working towards legislation for 47 years. Right through this time, I have pursued many sexual predators who’ve dedicated crimes towards girls and youngsters.

“Of all of the predators that I’ve pursued, Mr Kelly is the worst.”

November 2021: Witness intimidation

A person was once sentenced to 8 years in jail after intimidating a witness prior to Kelly’s New York trial.

In June 2020, Michael Williams set hearth to a automotive belonging to the daddy of a witness who was once because of testify with a view to “save you the victim-witness from proceeding to co-operate”, in accordance a observation from the lawyer’s workplace in New York.

“Williams tried to make use of violence and intimidation to divert the process justice and save you a sufferer’s voice from being heard,” they mentioned.

June 2022: New York sentencing

Sentencing for Kelly’s New York conviction is due on Wednesday, 29 June, and the disgraced 55-year-old will finally end up spending at least 10 years and a most of existence at the back of bars.

Prosecutors really useful a minimum of 25 years, pronouncing he confirmed a “callous put out of your mind” for his sufferers and no regret.

“Certainly, the defendant’s a long time of crime seem to have been fuelled through narcissism and a trust that his musical skill absolved him of any want to conform his behavior – regardless of how predatory, damaging, humiliating or abusive to others – to the strictures of the legislation,” they mentioned.

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