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His considerations about Chernobyl have been one explanation why he sought a seat within the Congress of Other folks’s Deputies, a frame Mr. Gorbachev created in 1989; he used to be elected to Parliament the next yr. After the August 1991 coup strive, some parliamentary leaders have been compelled out, and Mr. Shushkevich used to be named the frame’s chairman.

After he used to be ousted by means of Mr. Lukashenko in 1994, Mr. Shushkevich turned into a vocal critic of his successor, and of Mr. Lukashenko’s penchant for making pie-in-the-sky guarantees.

“If he can do all of it, he’s Moses,” Mr. Shushkevich informed The Instances in July 1994. “However he isn’t. Solzhenitsyn stated that Vladimir Zhirinovsky” — a firebrand ultranationalist in Russia — “used to be the cartoon of a Russian patriot. Neatly, Lukashenko is the cartoon of Zhirinovsky.”

Mr. Lukashenko, regardless that, can have exacted a measure of revenge. The Instances reported in 2002 that during 1997, he issued an government decree surroundings new charges and cost-of-living prerequisites for pensions of state officers — with the exception of for former chairmen of the Ideal Soviet, a membership that consisted of Mr. Shushkevich and one different guy. In hyperinflation-prone Belarus, that hit Mr. Shushkevich arduous within the pocketbook.

His per month cost “was round $200,” Mr. Shushkevich informed The Instances, “which is a great pension by means of our requirements.”

“Now,” he stated, “it’s 3,196 rubles. That equals $1.80.”

Along with his spouse, his survivors come with a son, Stanislau, and a daughter, Alena.

Mr. Shushkevich persisted to fireplace away at his successor to the tip. In considered one of his ultimate interviews, in December, he related Mr. Lukashenko and Russia’s president, Vladimir V. Putin.

“Putin and Lukashenko are nonetheless unsatisfied with the autumn of the usS.R.,” he used to be quoted as pronouncing. “They need to rule without end. This isn’t easy methods to create a democracy.”

Milana Mazaeva contributed reporting.

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